Niran Adhikari and Krishna P. Acharya* Pages 364 - 373 ( 10 )
Background: Bacteriophages are viruses, which are obligate parasites of specific bacteria for the completion of their lifecycle. Bacteriophages could be the possible alternative to antibioticresistant bacterial diseases. With this objective, extensive research in different fields is published which are discussed in this article.Methods: After a review of bacteriophage therapy, bacteriophages were found to be effective against the multidrug-resistant bacteria individually or synergistically with antibiotics. They were found to be more effective, even better than the bacteria in the development of a vaccine. Results: Apart from the bacteriophages, their cell contents like Lysin enzymes were found equally very much effective. Only the major challenge faced in phage therapy was the identification and characterization of bacteria-specific phages due to the wide genetic diversity of bacterial populations. Similarly, the threshold level of bacteriophages to act effectively was altered by ultraviolet radiation and heat exposure. Conclusion: Thus, bacteriophage therapy offers promising alternatives in the treatment of antibioticresistant bacteria in different fields. However, their effectiveness is determined by a triad of bacteriophages (type & quantity), host (bacteria) and environmental factors.
Bacteriophages, antibiotics, lysin, vaccine, infection, MDR.
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