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Tinospora cordifolia (Giloy): Phytochemistry, Ethnopharmacology, Clinical Application and Conservation Strategies

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 12 ]

Author(s):

Pradeep Kumar*, Madhu Kamle, Dipendra K. Mahato, Himashree Bora, Bharti Sharma, Prasad Rasane and Vivek K. Bajpai   Pages 1165 - 1175 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Tinospora cordifolia (Giloy) is a medicinal plant used in folk and Ayurvedic medicines throughout India since ancient times. All the parts of the plant are immensely useful due to the presence of different compounds of pharmaceutical importance belonging to various groups as alkaloids, diterpenoid lactones, glycosides, steroids, sesquiterpenoid, and phenolics. These compounds possess pharmacological properties, which make it anti-diabetic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, hepato-protective, and immuno-modulatory. However, due to the increasing population, there is an inadequate supply of drugs. Therefore, this review focuses on phytochemistry, ethnopharmacology, clinical application and its conservation strategies so that the plant can be conserved for future generations and utilized as alternative medicine as well as to design various pharmacologically important drugs.

Keywords:

Tinospora cordifolia, Ayurveda, phytochemistry, ethnopharmacology, steroids, conservation strategies.

Affiliation:

Applied Microbiology Lab., Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli- 791109, Arunachal Pradesh, Applied Microbiology Lab., Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli- 791109, Arunachal Pradesh, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood VIC 3125, Applied Microbiology Lab., Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli- 791109, Arunachal Pradesh, Centre of Food Science and Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi- 221005, Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara 144411, Department of Energy and Material Engineering, Dongguk University-Seoul, Seoul 04620

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