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Saponins from the Sea Cucumber Promote the Osteoblast Differentiation in MC3T3-E1 Cells through the Activation of the BMP2/ Smads Pathway

[ Vol. 22 , Issue. 14 ]

Author(s):

Zhuo Li*, Yingying Tian, Hongge Ma, Meiling Wang, Ziyi Yan, Changhu Xue and Jingfeng Wang   Pages 1942 - 1952 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: Several studies have shown that plant saponins promoted osteoblast differentiation and improved osteoporosis. In the current study, Sea Cucumber Saponin (SCS) with a purity of 80% was extracted from Filipino sea cucumber, with a similar structure to plant saponins.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the effects of SCS on bone formation in vitro and ex vivo.

Results: SCS significantly promoted osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of MC3T3-E1 cells, as well as new osteoid formation in neonatal mouse calvarias ex vivo. qRT-PCR results indicated that SCS markedly down-regulated the expression of C/EBPα* and PPARγ at the levels of transcription, which demonstrate that SCS inhibits the trans-differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells to an adipocytic phenotype. Moreover, further studies revealed that SCS increased the expression levels of Runx2 and OSX. The mechanism revealed that SCS induced the expression of BMP2 and p-Smad1/5, which indicated that SCS facilitated osteogenesis via activating the BMP2/Smads signaling pathway.

Conclusion: SCS promoted osteogenic differentiation of pre-osteoblasts by activating the BMP2/ Smads molecular pathway, providing a theoretical basis for the development of sea cucumber saponins for the treatment to bone loss diseases such as osteoporosis.

Keywords:

Sea cucumber saponins, osteogenesis, osteogenic differentiation, BMP2/Smads signaling pathway, adipogenic environment.

Affiliation:

College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong Province, Marine Biomedical Research Institute of Qingdao, Qingdao, Shandong Province, Qingdao Second Middle School, Shandong Province, College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong Province, College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong Province, College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong Province, College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong Province



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