Piotr Januszyk*, Krzysztof Januszyk, Magdalena Wierzbik-Strońska, Dariusz Boroń and Beniamin Grabarek Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )
Background: It is important to understand the molecular mechanisms involved in cancer drug resistance and to study the activity of new drugs, e.g. salinomycin.
Objective: The purpose of the study was to analyze changes in the expression of genes associated with drug resistance in the Ishikawa endometrial cancer cell line when treated with salinomycin. In addition, changes in the level of miRNA potentially regulating these mRNAs were evaluated.
Materials and Methods: Endometrial cancer cells were treated with 1 µM of salinomycin for 12, 24 and 48 hour periods. Untreated cells were a control culture. The molecular analysis consists of mRNA and miRNA microarray analysis and the RTqPCR technique.
Results: The following was observed about the number of mRNAs differentiating the cell culture exposed to the drug compared to a control culture: H-12 vs C - 9 mRNAs, H_24 vs C – 6 mRNAs, H_48 vs C - 1 mRNA. It was noted that 4 of the 9 differentiating mRNAs were characteristic for 12 hours of exposure to the salinomycin and they correspond to the following genes: TUFT1, ABCB1, MTMR11, MX2. After 24 hours, 2 mRNAs were characteristic for this time of incubation cells with salinomycin: TUFT1, MYD88 and after 48 hours, SLC30A5 could also be observed. The highest differences in expression were indicated for TUFT1, MTMR11, SLC30A5. The highest influence probability was determined between TUFT1 and hsamiR-3188 (FC + 2.48), MTMR11and has-miR-16 (FC -1.74), and between SLC30A5 and hsa-miR-30d (FC -2.01).
Conclusions: Salinomycin induces changes in the activity of mRNA and miRNA participating in drug resistance, however the observed changes in character are an expected result of anti-cancer treatment.
Cancer drug resistance, salinomycin, micro RNA, endometrial cancer cells, molecular analysis
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics with Gynecologic Oncology, Ludwik Rydygier Memorial Specialized Hospital, Kraków, Faculty of Health Science, Public Higher Medical Professional School in Opole, Department of Histology, Cytophysiology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology in Katowice, Zabrze, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics with Gynecologic Oncology, Ludwik Rydygier Memorial Specialized Hospital, Kraków, Department of Histology, Cytophysiology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology in Katowice, Zabrze