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Recent Advances in the Scaffold Engineering of Protein Binders

[ Vol. 22 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Mohammad Karimi Baba Ahmadi, Seyed Abolgasem Mohammadi, Manoochehr Makvandi, Morteza Mamouei, Mohammad Rahmati*, Hesam Dehghani and David W. Wood   Pages 870 - 883 ( 14 )

Abstract:


In recent years, extensive attention has been given to the generation of new classes of ligand- specific binding proteins to supplement monoclonal antibodies. A combination of protein engineering and display technologies has been used to manipulate non-human antibodies for humanization and stabilization purposes or even the generation of new binding proteins. Engineered protein scaffolds can now be directed against therapeutic targets to treat cancer and immunological disorders. Although very few of these scaffolds have successfully passed clinical trials, their remarkable properties such as robust folding, high solubility, and small size motivate their employment as a tool for biology and applied science studies. Here, we have focused on the generation of new non-Ig binding proteins and single domain antibody manipulation, with a glimpse of their applications.

Keywords:

Antibody, Non-immunoglobulin, Scaffold, Protein binders, Protein engineering, Phage display.

Affiliation:

Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Department of Virology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Department of Animal Science, Ramin Agricultural and Natural Resources University, Ahvaz, Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Stem Cells Regenerative Research Group, Ressearch Institute of Biotechnology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Azadi Square, Mashhad, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, 151 W. Woodruff Ave.



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